Dental Prosthetics – Crowns and Bridges
Dental prosthetics is a branch of dentistry that primarily enables the replacement of missing teeth.
Within the realm of dental prosthetics, there’s also the prevention of secondary consequences of tooth loss and the creation of ideal aesthetic effects under given circumstances.
At Dr Minić’s Dental Clinic, we offer:
- Metal-ceramic crowns and bridges
- All-ceramic crowns and bridges
- Ceramic inlays/onlays
- Ceramic veneers
- Full dentures
- Partial dentures
- Skeletonized partial dentures with attachments and telescopic crowns
Dental Prosthetics – Crowns and Bridges
In cases of missing one or more teeth, when one wishes to restore their smile and confidence, it’s essential to get a crown or bridge fitted. There are various types of different models of crowns or bridges, tailored as per the patient’s desires and needs.
Metal-Ceramic Crowns and Bridges
A metal-ceramic crown is a standard crown whose proper fabrication protects the remaining tooth tissue beneath the crown itself. Its main characteristic is the metal in the form of a cap, which is coated with a layer of ceramic.
It’s characterized by exceptional durability, longevity, and aesthetics. In case of later gum recession or gum inflammation, a gray crescent-shaped edge may be visible. This can be avoided with the use of an all-ceramic crown or a metal-ceramic crown with a ceramic margin.
This type of prosthetic replacement is recommended in the lateral region. Reasons for the placement of these prosthetic replacements include:
- Fractured (broken) tooth
- Large fillings
- Treated teeth
- Filling gaps in cases where more than one tooth is missing
- Preventing teeth from moving into the space of missing teeth
- Restoring full chewing and speaking abilities.
All-Ceramic Crowns and Bridges
All-ceramic crowns and bridges are replacements made from zirconium-dioxide and EMAX PRESS ceramics. With the application of these materials, increased light permeability and natural reflection are achieved, ensuring maximum aesthetic effects. This is exceptionally significant for the anterior teeth region (visible smile zone).
In addition to their aesthetic values, these replacements feature:
- Outstanding mechanical properties
- Reduced susceptibility to plaque, hence no risk of inflammation or gum recession
- Elimination of the risk of developing a metal allergy
- Absence of gum line discoloration and corrosive processes that can arise due to the presence of different metals in the mouth
Ceramic Inlays and Onlays
In addition to the use of composite materials, teeth damaged by cavities can be restored using ceramic inlays/onlays, which have unparalleled aesthetic properties.
They can be made in two ways:
- Traditional method, using an impression taken after the cavity removal
- Milling, also known as CAD/CAM technology
CAD/CAM technology is the latest method for crafting ceramic inlays and onlays. It involves a procedure where ceramic blocks are milled to produce the final ceramic inlay or onlay. Regardless of the method of creation, the inlay or onlay is fixed to the tooth using appropriate cement.
Ceramic veneers are thin porcelain laminates, about one millimeter thick, permanently affixed to a tooth. They can be crafted in dental laboratories or using CAD/CAM technology.
Veneers offer extraordinary aesthetic qualities, and with minimal removal of tooth substance, it’s possible to alter the tooth’s color, position, and shape. They can also be used to close the space between two teeth (diastema). However, ceramic veneers are not a suitable solution for significant changes in the position and shape of teeth. In such cases, all-ceramic crowns can be installed.
Full and Partial Dentures
A full denture is a necessary solution in cases where a patient is missing all teeth on a jaw.
Partial dentures are recommended when a patient has a few remaining teeth, but their number isn’t sufficient for fixed work. However, it should be noted that due to the increasing application of implantology techniques, these types of dentures are becoming less commonly used.